A rather quick view on conditions and happenings (events) throughout the world in 1980. Feel free to amend in the comment section. There are plenty of countries left out. What do you think was important that happened in your country in 1980?
Austria: As the first Western European state Austria diplomatically recognizes the Palestinian liberation front PLO.
Austria: Kirchschläger becomes President.
Belgium: The long language controversy between Wallonen and Flemings are settled by dividing the country into a Federal State with the partial states Flanders and Wallonie.
Bolivia: 19 days after the presidential elections the acting president Lidia Gueiler is forced from the military to resignate. On the day after, General Luis Garcia Meza Tejada is sworn in as a new president.
Canada: During a popular vote the majority of the population expresses itself Quebec for whereabouts with Canada.
Central African Republic: The fallen emperor Bokassa I. is condemned (in absence) to death because of participation in child murders, tortures, cannibalism and enrichment.
Chile: According to data of the Chilean military junta in a popular vote, two thirds of the voters voted for the new condition. Dictator Pinochet can remain still further eight years in the office.
China: Hua Kuofeng withdraws as a Prime Minister.
Egypt: The delivery of the western part of the Sinai peninsula occupied by Israel at Egypt is final. After the return of the western part of the Sinai peninsula at Egypt the day before, Israel and Egypt take up diplomatic relations. The borders between Israel and Egypt are officially again opened.
El Salvador: Left-wing extremists attack the Spanish embassy and take numerous hostages.
El Salvador: OSCAR Arnulfo Romero (archbishop of El Salvador) is murdered during a celebration. The authors are assigned the notorious 'TodesSchwadronen'.
Germany: A bomb assassination attempt of a right-extremist group at the Octoberfest in Munich demands 13 dead ones and 215 injured.
Germany: The 'Greens' become a political party.
Germany: The national olympic committee of the Federal Republic decides the boycott of the Olympic Games in Moscow.
Iceland: Vigdis Finnbogadottir becomes the first female president of a European state.
India: As the sixth country, India starts a self-developed rocket and brings with it a satellite into a near earth orbit.
India: Indira Ghandi is reelected.
Iran: Iraqi invasion in Iran. Iran-Iraq War.
Iran: The past minister of economics Bani Sadr is selected to become the first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Iraq: For the first time after 20 years, free elections take place in Iraq. Winner becomes the dominant Bath party with Saddam Hussein.
Iraq: Iraqi invasion in Iran. Iran-Iraq War.
Israel: The delivery of the western part of the Sinai peninsula occupied by Israel at Egypt is final. After the return of the western part of the Sinai peninsula at Egypt the day before, Israel and Egypt take up diplomatic relations. The borders between Israel and Egypt are officially again opened.
Italy: In the main station of the Italian city Bologna a bomb is put. 85 people die.
Jamaica: After a bloody election campaign, which demanded 600 dead ones, the opposition wins the parliamentary elections. The 'Jamaica labour Party' leads the country on a pro-Western, anticommunist course.
Japan: becomes the leading car-manufacuring nation. US is now #2
Kora South: After student unrests in Seoul (South Korea) the military law is imposed again. Unrests dont stop.
Liberia: A military putsch in Liberia under SAM Kanyon Doe terminates the 100jährige a party rule .Opponents of the military regime are pursued.
Netherlands: Queen July Iana of the Netherlands resigns; Successor becomes queen Beatrix.
Palestine: As the first Western European state Austria diplomatically recognizes the Palestinian liberation front PLO.
Peru: In Peru the first elections take place since 1963. With the election of president Belaúnde Terry the military rule is terminated.
Poland: Labour union Solidarnosc founded.
Poland: The Polish government accepts all demands of the Dancinger strikers. Apart from social promises the building of an independent trade union and the right to strike are approved.
Poland: The Polish Prime Minister Jaroszewicz withdraws from his office.
Russia: Summer Olympic Games in Moscow.
Security Council: The Security Council condemns the Israeli annexion law, with which the partial occupied Jerusalem is declared to be the eternal capital Israels.
South Africa: Violent arguments between black ones and the police. At least 42 humans die. Cause: The fourth anniversary of unrests of Soweto.
Surinam: After a military putsch, trade-union-soldiers take over the government.
Switzerland: In Zurich begin " Opernhauskravalle". The day is considered as birth of a youth-movement , a spontaneous reaction to the lack of habitat for young people.
Turkey: By a coup d'etat the military comes to power.
Uganda: 'Uganda People' s Congress" wins the parliamentary elections after the fall of dictator Idi Amin. Milton Obote becomes again a president.
UNO: Worldwide refugees of some sort: 10 to 12 million.
USA: After the announcement of Ayatollah Khomeinei that 70 American hostages would remain in the Iran until further notice, the USA break off the diplomatic relations to Iran.
USA: An attempt of the USA to free the American hostages in Iran by force fails.
USA: In Lake Placid the 13the olympic winter games are opened.
USA: In Miami/Florida heavy race troubles break out, after a court acquitted four policemen, who flogged a black one to death.
USA: Ronald Reagon wins the presidental election and becomes President.
USA: The murder of John Lennon in New York shakes millions of Beatles fans in the whole world.
USA: US president Jimmy Carter explains the Persian Gulf as THE American sphere of interest and announces that the USA will defend the oiling system of the western world if necessary with the force of arms.
Vienna: In Vienna east west discussions begin over a balanced troop reduction in Central Europe.
Yugoslavia: After president Titos death a collective state-presidium takes over the guidance of Yugoslavia.
Zimbabwe: becomes independent.
Zimbabwe: In Zimbabwe (former Rhodesia) the first elections take place. Robert Mugabe becomes prime minister.